Hurricane Florence has potential to cause "massive damage" to parts of the southeastern and mid-Atlantic United States — and not just in the coastal areas where the storm aims to make landfall Thursday night, officials warned.
More than 1 million people face mandatory evacuation orders Tuesday in coastal areas of Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina, as one of the strongest hurricanes to churn toward the eastern seaboard in decades -- a Category 4 storm that may approach Category 5 strength -- nears shore.
Tropical-storm-force winds are due to reach the coasts of North and South Carolina late Wednesday night, and hurricane-force winds may be felt around noon Thursday, ahead of a landfall likely Thursday night, CNN meteorologist Chad Meyers said.
Powerful storm surges and winds will pose deadly threats, as will long periods of heavy rain. Beyond the Carolinas and Virginia, the threat of inland flooding extends into next week to parts of Tennessee, Georgia, West Virginia, Ohio, Maryland and Pennsylvania, forecasters said.
"This will be a storm that creates and causes massive damage to our country," Jeff Byard, Federal Emergency Management Agency associate administrator, said Tuesday morning.
"It is going to be ... a long-term recovery," Byard said. "This is not going to be a storm that we recover from in days."
• As of 11 a.m. ET Tuesday, Florence's center had maximum sustained winds of 130 mph and was about 905 miles east-southeast of Cape Fear, North Carolina.
• Florence is expected to restrengthen Tuesday and "be an extremely dangerous major hurricane through Thursday night,"the NHC said.
• Among the storm's threats later this week: Life-threatening storm surges -- up to 12 feet -- along the coasts and up to 30 inches of rain into next week over parts of the Carolinas and mid-Atlantic states.
• Mandatory evacuations have been ordered for most of the South Carolina coastline, in Edisto Beach as well as from Charleston County northeast to Horry County, effective at noon Tuesday. They've also been ordered for parts of coastal North Carolina and Virginia.
• Though not every coastal area in North Carolina was under mandatory evacuation Tuesday morning, "I believe that people should be evacuating the coast of North Carolina," Federal Emergency Management Agency Administrator Brock Long told CNN's "New Day."
• Hurricane and storm surge watches are in effect in those states, the National Hurricane Center said.
• The watches extend from Edisto Beach, South Carolina, northward to the North Carolina-Virginia border, including the Pamlico and Albemarle Sounds. Those areas are at risk for hurricane conditions and "life-threatening inundation from rising water moving inland from the coastline" during the next 48 hours, the NHC said.
• The hurricane's center weakened slightly Tuesday morning, but the storm should get stronger, Meyers said Tuesday morning. "We do expect (the storm's) eye to get its act together again later today and become that almost-Category 5 storm at 150 to 155 mph," he said.
Residents prepare to flee and hunker down
Residents along the coast boarded up their homes, formed long lines at gas stations and emptied the shelves of hardware stores and supermarkets this week as they prepared for Florence's arrival.
On Ocracoke Island along North Carolina's Outer Banks, Kelley Shinn's partner woke her up at 3 a.m. Tuesday and told her to pack. He figured the forecasts were too ominous to stay.
They and their 12-year-old packed her Jeep with clothes and other things, and within hours, they took a ferry to the mainland, then struck out for her father's home in Ohio.
"We've never left for a storm before," she told CNN. "But a storm surge of 20 feet could easily wipe this island out. ... It's surreal to think we may have nothing to go home to."
Crystal Kirwan didn't think she had much choice as she got her family ready to leave their home in Moyock, North Carolina. She and her husband planned to make the 4.5-hour drive with their children to family in Dover, Delaware, as soon as he was cleared from military duty.
"Probably not too much better, but most likely safer than here," she said of the destination.
Grocery stores began selling out of water, milk and bread, and supply stores were struggling to stock batteries, plywood and generators as early as Sunday.
At a Home Depot in Wilmington, North Carolina, Billy Nivens told CNN they'd run out of water, plywood, generators, flashlights, propane, batteries and five-gallon gas cans by Monday afternoon.
Ryan Fonville visited three hardware stores in Wilmington Monday and found they were running out of supplies.
"I gathered my supplies this weekend, sharing for local community groups so people don't waste gas. The gas pumps are running out as well," Fonville told CNN.
In Charleston, South Carolina, the Coburg Dairy Cow landmark was removed Monday for safekeeping from its perch atop a sign on Highway 17, CNN affiliate WCIV reported.
Storm is expected to strengthen
Though Florence's eyewall weakened slightly Tuesday morning, conditions such as little wind shear and warm water mean the storm should intensify later in the day and week, said Richard Henning, flight director of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Hurricane Hunters.
"Everything that you've been hearing about this storm in terms of its severity is all true," Henning said Tuesday morning. "There's nothing to prevent this storm from continuing to intensify."
The storm intensified rapidly earlier in the week: It became a hurricane over the Atlantic on Sunday, and by Monday morning, it had grown to a Category 3 storm. About an hour after the Category 3 upgrade, it was reclassified as Category 4.
States of emergency declared in four states
One year after major storms ravaged the Gulf Coast and Puerto Rico, officials warned those in Florence's path not to underestimate the threat the storm poses.
States of emergency were declared in the Carolinas; Virginia;Washington, DC; and Maryland, where some coastal areas are still recovering from summer storms.
"We are hoping for the best and preparing for the worst," Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan said, noting that Florence could cause catastrophic flooding in his state.
North Carolina Gov. Roy Cooper on Tuesday urged people to make preparations and heed evacuation orders, warning that electrical service could be lost for several days, and days of heavy rain could lead to severe flooding in many areas.
"The time to hope Hurricane Florence away is gone," he said.
In South Carolina, mandatory evacuation orders take effect Tuesday at noon in much of the state's 187-mile coastline. Traffic in all lanes of Interstate 26 from Charleston to Columbia has been directed away from the coast, South Carolina Gov. Henry McMaster said.
Traffic also will be directed away from the coast on parts of US 501 starting at noon, McMaster said.
In Virginia, mandatory evacuations would begin at 8 a.m. Tuesday for about 245,000 residents in a portion of Hampton Roads and the Eastern Shore area, Gov. Ralph Northam said Monday.
"Everyone in Virginia needs to prepare," he said. "This is a serious storm, and it's going to affect the entire state of Virginia."
National Guard soldiers are being mobilized in the affected states. President Donald Trump declared an emergency in North Carolina, allowing it to access federal funds.