Building repair and contractors: After a disaster, qualified contractors are in high demand, making things ideal for scam artists. If your home is damaged, be sure to follow these tips when hiring a contractor:
Watch out for unsolicited offers or contractors claiming they can perform repairs at a discount with leftover supplies from another job.
Have your insurance company evaluate damage before arranging repairs to ensure that the work will be covered under your policy.
Get at least three written, itemized estimates or bids on repairs.
Verify a contractor has a license with local and state licensing boards.
Ensure the contractor is licensed for the job. Check to see if a company is properly licensed and if there are any consumer complaints filed against a licensed contractor at MyFloridaLicense.com, the Department of Professional Business Regulation’s website.
Research the company and its reputation–ask for references.
Contact the Florida Attorney General’s Office at 1 (866) 9NO-SCAM to see if there are complaints against a company or contractor.
Check for proof of insurance and verify with the insurer that their policy is current.
Check to see if the contractor is bonded and verify with the bonding agency.
Never pay the full amount of a repair up front and hesitate before providing large deposits.
Read the entire contract, including the fine print, before signing to ensure it includes the required buyer’s right to cancel language. Understand cancellation rights and penalties you may experience for canceling.
Homeowners may unknowingly have liens placed against their properties by suppliers or subcontractors who have not been paid by the contractor. If the contractor fails to pay them, the liens will remain on the title. Insist on releases of any liens that could be placed on the property from all subcontractors prior to making final payments.
Do not sign a certificate of completion or make final payment until you are satisfied with the work performed.
Tree Service Scams: Heavy winds from a hurricane or tropical storm results in littered roads and uprooted trees. If you plan to have nearby trees removed to protect your home from danger or have fallen trees removed after a storm, follow these tips to avoid being scammed:
Watch out for anyone who approaches unsolicited about tree removal
Get multiple written estimates and ask whether debris removal is included in the estimate.
Research the company and its reputation–ask for references. Contact the Florida Attorney General’s Office at 1 (866) 9NO-SCAM to check if there are complaints against the company.
Check for proof of insurance and verify with the insurer that their policy is current, and
Never pay the full amount up front and do not make a final payment until you are completely satisfied with the work done.
Charity Scams: This scam is particularly effective after a disaster, during which numerous disaster-specific charities crop up. If you would like to donate to help with disaster relief, consider these tips:
Avoid solicitors that use high-pressure tactics or are hesitant to provide additional information on the charitable organization.
Be wary of charities with similar sounding names. Some phony charities may attempt to capitalize on disasters by using names similar to legitimate, well-known charities.
Consider donating to an established disaster-relief charity.
Contact the Florida Attorney General’s Office or the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (1-800-HELP-FLA), the agency that regulates charities, to determine if the charity you are donating to has any complaints against them.
Disaster Relief Scams: The Federal Emergency Management Agency offers disaster relief to eligible victims through various programs. When seeking aid, consider the following:
No state or federal disaster relief agency will call you for your financial information.
State and federal workers carry identification and will not ask for or accept cash.
Know that applications for federal FEMA relief programs are free and can be accessed at DisasterAssistance.gov or by calling 1-800-621-FEMA.
Be wary of anyone who offers to fill out, assist with or expedite your application as they may be seeking access to your personal information.
Water Testing and Treatment Scams: Water mains and personal wells can be affected by hurricanes, and dishonest companies and individuals may insist upon pricey tests to determine water safety. Avoid falling victim by following these tips:
If someone claims to be a representative of your city, county or utility provider needing to inspect your water line or well, ask for proof of identification.
Check for water safety alerts as provided by local media and utility providers.
If you doubt the safety of your water, contact your local health department or utility. Local water utilities are required to test water quality on a regular basis.
If you doubt the safety of your well water, seek advice from your state or local health department to determine what tests should be performed and find certified testers in your area.
If in doubt, boil water vigorously for one to three minutes or drink bottled water.
The state of emergency is still in effect and that means Florida’s price gouging law still applies to anyone who sells essential commodities or provides essential services to consumers.