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(CNN) -- The trial of George Zimmerman, which has highlighted the issues of race and gun violence, is set to begin closing arguments Thursday.
Zimmerman, 29, is accused of second-degree murder in the February 26, 2012, death of Trayvon Martin, a 17-year-old who was visiting his father in Zimmerman's Sanford, Florida, neighborhood.
He shot Martin after an altercation that occurred as Martin was walking back from a nearby convenience store.
Prosecutors asked the court Wednesday to let jurors consider manslaughter and aggravated assault, but Zimmerman's lawyers objected, saying it should be murder or nothing.
Judge Debra Nelson is expected to decide on that matter Thursday. The case will be in the hands of the jury Friday.
Another point that will be addressed is whether Florida's controversial "Stand Your Ground" law can be applied by the jury. The law gives a person facing a "presumption of fear of death or great bodily harm" extra protections should they respond with force instead of retreat.
Zimmerman has never denied shooting Martin. But he's contended that he did so in self defense, portraying himself as the victim and Martin as the aggressor.
But the late teen's backers say the shooting could not be justified, with activists leading widely attended rallies and taking other steps urging authorities to press charges. Faulting Zimmerman for ignoring a 911 dispatcher's direction not to follow the teen, they believe Zimmerman profiled Martin because he was black.
Many of those arguments, on both sides, will likely play out during closing arguments.
Those start Thursday afternoon, when Bernie de la Rionda makes the prosecution's case for up to two hours. Defense lawyer Mark O'Mara will make his case for up to three hours Friday morning, followed by a rebuttal of up to one hour from prosecutor John Guy.
Later Friday, the case will be in the hands of the all-female jury.
No testimony from Zimmerman
Zimmerman, from his comments to police to the arguments of his lawyers, has steadfastly maintained he shouldn't be found guilty of murder, contending he shot the teen in self-defense.
But jurors weighing his fate won't hear that from him directly.
On Wednesday afternoon, Judge Debra Nelson asked Zimmerman if he'd made a decision about taking the stand in his own defense.
"After consulting with counsel," Zimmerman replied, he'd decided "not to testify, your honor."
Moments later -- and after Nelson refused a request from Zimmerman's team to dismiss the case before the jury could weigh in -- the defense rested its case.
Lawyer wrestles with foam dummy
The prosecution had once stated its intention to call up to three witnesses in the rebuttal phase of the trial but did not call any. One potential rebuttal witness was not called because the judge ruled prosecutors couldn't pursue one line of questioning. Another was ruled out because the prosecution wasn't certain the witness was available. The exclusion of the third potential witness wasn't explained.
That means the last witness the jury will have heard from is Robert Zimmerman, George's father.
He testified -- like his wife, Gladys, had earlier in the trial -- that he believes it was his son who was screaming on the infamous 911 recording of the altercation that ended in Martin's death.
Contrast their testimony to that of Martin's mother, Sybrina Fulton, who said she was "absolutely" certain that the panicked voice was that of her son. The late teenager's brother, Jahvaris Fulton, made a similar declaration in court.
Defense attorneys argue Zimmerman shot Martin in self-defense after the teenager charged him. Prosecutors argue Zimmerman followed Martin through his neighborhood and shot him without provocation.
The fatal gunshot
The star Wednesday may have been a foam dummy.
O'Mara grappled with the life-size model inside the courtroom, working to show rapt jurors the competing versions of what happened the rainy night Martin was killed.
Assistant State Attorney John Guy brought out the dummy in an effort to demonstrate that it would have been difficult for Zimmerman to retrieve his handgun from his pocket with Martin straddling him, as defense attorneys have argued was the case.
The fatal gunshot, Guy reminded defense witness Dennis Root, was fired at a 90-degree angle into Martin's body.
"Wouldn't that be consistent with Travyon Martin getting off of George Zimmerman and George Zimmerman raising the gun and firing it?" Guy asked Root, a use-of-force expert.
"It could be consistent with any kind of movement ... We weren't there so the info that
we have is George Zimmerman's statement," he said.
Later, O'Mara straddled the dummy himself, pounding the back of its head against the carpeted courtroom floor, demonstrating how he says Martin gave Zimmerman the head wounds seen in police photographs from the night of the shooting.
HLN's Grace Wong, Graham Winch, Jonathan Anker and Anna Lanfreschi and CNN's John Couwels contributed to this report.
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