Sarah Murnaghan's family says she has been 'left to die', waiting for 18 months for transplant
Michael Martinez and Steve Almasy, CNN
11:53 AM, Jun 2, 2013
(CNN) -- The family of a 10-year-old Pennsylvania girl who's been waiting more than a year for a lung transplant says the girl has essentially been "left to die."
Sarah Murnaghan, who has had cystic fibrosis since birth, could die within weeks without a transplant. She has been waiting 18 months for another pair of lungs, as her ability to breathe has rapidly deteriorated.
She is at the top of the list for any pediatric lungs that may become available for transplant in her six-state region. Doctors say modified adult lungs could help save her -- and adult lungs become available much more often.
But children under age 12 aren't prioritized for adult organs, under federal rules. So Sarah could only get available adult lungs if everyone else waiting for lungs in her region -- no matter how sick they are -- turns them down.
U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius has called on officials to review the nation's lung transplant policy for children, but any change could take up to two years.
A statement from Sarah's family welcomed the policy review as a "positive step."
"However, Sarah, and other children like her who need a transplant now do not have the luxury of time to wait for a lengthy bureaucratic change," the family said. "Essentially, Sarah has been left to die."
The department had no immediate reply to CNN's request for comment on the family's statement.
The Murnaghans asked that other parents consider naming Sarah as a transplant recipient should one of their children die in the coming weeks.
"Our little girl, who loves writing music, making crafts and playing with her siblings can honor someone's life by living on herself," the statement said.
The United Network for Organ Sharing, a nonprofit that manages the nation's transplant system under federal contract, agreed to the review Friday, the same day Sebelius sent an urgent request for it to look at its policy, UNOS spokeswoman Anne Paschke said.
But because the review process involves research and public comment, which take time, and because there are not enough organ donations for children, the nation's transplant system may not be able to save Sarah's life.
Her family wants Sebelius to step in.
"(Her) decision to not exercise her very clear authority under the law to intervene and mandate a variance that would help save Sarah's life is devastating," the family said.
Paschke urged more Americans to look at an organ donation website.
Sebelius' request to the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network called on officials to look at the age categories used in lung transplant cases.
Sarah's struggle has ignited a fight for new rules governing organ donations. She's been in a Philadelphia hospital for months due to her cystic fibrosis.
Tens of thousands of people have signed a petition on Change.org, and a congressman has called on the Obama administration to take quick action.
Sarah's mother, Janet Murnaghan, told CNN she was "shocked" when she learned the rules a couple of weeks ago.
Sebelius asked for the policy review in a letter to Dr. John Roberts, board president of OPTN.
Sebelius cited the significant disparity between the number of transplantable organs and the number of people in need of an organ, especially among children. She also directed HHS's Health Resources and Services Administration Division of Transplantation to consider new approaches for promoting pediatric and adolescent organ donation.
"With 1,819 pediatric patients on organ transplant waitlists and only 852 pediatric organ transplant donors each year, it is especially clear that we can and should, if possible, do more to encourage the public to become registered organ donors," Sibelius wrote.
OPTN issued a statement last week noting that there is a separate policy for children because the "biological needs and circumstances of candidates younger than age 12 are different from either adolescent or adult candidates. One key difference is the size and lung capacity of donors and patients among these age ranges."
Children younger than age 12 are prioritized for donations from other children of similar age and size within a 1,000-mile radius.
Policies allow "status adjustments for specifically defined groups of candidates with unique medical circumstances not addressed by the overall policy," the statement said.
The network routinely reviews policies and considers "public input as well as medical data and experience," the statement said.
CNN's Ross Levitt and Josh Levs contributed to this report.