A recipe that calls for wine may create doubt for home cooks who don't know the fruit of the vine all that well. Will you ruin your chicken dish if you use red when the recipe calls for white? (Perhaps, and you'll definitely turn the meat red.) And is your favorite sweet white zinfandel appropriate for shrimp scampi, too? (No.)
There are other examples that make some of us scratch our heads, or even search for another recipe:
- -- The arroz con pollo recipe specifies "dry white wine."
- -- Asian-inspired stewed mussels includes "fortified wine."
- -- A favorite steak marinade is flavored with a "full-bodied red."
- -- And a yummy-sounding red-sauce recipe lists a "young, robust red" as an ingredient.
Will the bottles of merlot and pinot grigio you have on hand suffice?
Maybe, but the accompanying information should help you conquer the technique of cooking with wine, giving you the confidence to splash with abandon.
Why cook with wine?
Primarily, wine enhances the flavor and aroma of dishes. Heating it concentrates the flavor of the wine, which is why it's important to match the right one to your dish. The wine should meld with other ingredients, not stick out like a cracked cork.
Does alcohol burn off during cooking?
Yes, but it may take longer than you think. After 15 minutes of cooking, the alcohol content is still about 40 percent. There is even a little left -- about 5 percent -- after a stew has simmered for 3 hours. Wine, in general, is lower in alcohol than other spirits, and the amount divided by the servings won't yield much per person. However, if it's a concern, substitute unsweetened apple cider, grape juice or even broths when they are appropriate.
How to store wine
The enemy of wine is air, so the half bottle of wine that you keep by the stove, even though it's tightly stopped, is deteriorating in quality. Use a wine-stopper system that sucks the air out of the bottle or drink the remainder with your meal. Some people even combine like wines (red with red, white with white), keeping the bottle full for cooking but not drinking.
How much to pay?
"Don't cook with wine you wouldn't drink" is a well-worn kitchen saying. While it might be true, we would add: Don't spend $50 on a bottle of wine for cooking. There are plenty of wines for about $10 that will do. Seek them out. And if you like them for drinking, so much the better.
When to use wine
Wine enhances a dish when it is simmered for a while with other ingredients, so add it when there is still plenty of cooking time. If it's stirred in at the end of cooking, it may impart unwanted harshness, and its flavor will outshine everything else. You don't want that.
Can I use cooking wine?
Please don't. Inexpensive cooking wines have high salt content, which alters the flavor of your dish. The cook should control the saltiness. Cooking wines are stocked by the vinegars in many grocery stores, which gives you an indication of how they taste.
What if the recipe isn't clear on the kind of wine?
When a recipe lists "red" or "white" wine, use a medium-dry to dry wine. (In wine parlance, "dry" just means "not sweet.") For red, that means a pinot noir, and for white, go for pinot grigio.
If the recipe calls for a full-bodied red wine, reach for cabernet, Bordeaux, syrah, zinfandel. Example: 2009 Green Bridge Zinfandel (about $10).
If the recipe calls for a young, robust red wine, reach for Rioja/tempranillo, Beaujolais nouveau (seasonal and best from Thanksgiving to New Year's). Example: Paso a Paso Tempranillo ($11 to $13).
If the recipe calls for a medium-bodied red wine, reach for merlot, shiraz, Chianti. Example: Stump Jump 2008 Shiraz (about $10).
If the recipe calls for a dry white wine, reach for chardonnay, chenin blanc, sauvignon blanc or dry Riesling. Example: 2010 Villa Maria Cellar Selection Marlborough Sauvignon Blanc ($8 to $10).
If the recipe calls for a fruity white wine, reach for gewurztraminer, Riesling or viognier. Example: 2008 Anything Goes Riesling (about $9).
If the recipe calls for a fortified wine, reach for Marsala, vermouth, sherry, port or Madeira. (The recipe should give you some guidelines, since these wines are not necessarily interchangeable.) Example: Hidalgo Manzanilla or Osborne Amontillado sherries (about $10).
If the recipe calls for a sparkling wine, reach for champagne or prosecco. Example: La Marca Prosecco (about $15).
(Information from St. Petersburg Times files, "Cooking Know-How" by Bruce Weinstein and Mark Scarbrough (Wiley, 2009), webmd.com and whatscookingamerica.net was used in this report.)
LOW-FAT CHARDONNAY SPICE CAKE
Canola cooking spray
Flour, for dusting
1 box (18.25 ounces) white-cake mix
1 package (5 ounces) instant vanilla-pudding mix
1 teaspoon ground nutmeg
cup fat-free sour cream
3/4 cup chardonnay (or other dry white wine)
2 large eggs
1/2 cup egg substitute
Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Spray the inside of a Bundt pan with canola cooking spray, then dust with about 2 tablespoons of flour.
In mixing bowl, combine cake mix, vanilla-pudding mix and nutmeg and beat with electric mixer on low speed to blend.
Add sour cream, wine, eggs and egg substitute to mixing bowl and beat with mixer on medium speed for five minutes (scraping sides and bottom of bowl after a minute).
Pour into Bundt pan and bake for 50 minutes or until a toothpick inserted in the center comes out clean. Let cake cool on rack in pan for 10 minutes. Invert pan on serving plate carefully.
Nutritional information per serving: 259 calories, 5g protein, 48g carbohydrates, 5.5g fat, 1g fiber, 440mg sodium.
1-1/2 pounds skinless, boneless chicken-breast halves
1 cup all-purpose flour for coating
2 eggs, beaten
4 tablespoons butter, divided
1 tablespoon vegetable oil
2-1/2 cups fresh sliced mushrooms
1 cup chicken broth
1/2 cup dry Marsala wine
2 tablespoons dried oregano
2 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley
1 teaspoon meat extract
2 teaspoons fresh lemon juice
Salt and ground black pepper to taste
1/4 cup grated Parmesan cheese for topping (optional)
With a mallet, pound chicken breasts thin. Cut into serving-size pieces. Dip in flour, then egg.
Melt 2 tablespoons butter and 1 tablespoon oil in a wide skillet. Saute chicken until light brown. Do not crowd pan, and add more oil if necessary to keep chicken from sticking. Place chicken on a serving platter. Keep in a warm oven.
Saute sliced mushrooms in oil and butter remaining in pan until released juices have evaporated and mushrooms begin to brown. Add chicken broth, Marsala wine, oregano, parsley and meat extract. Stir well. Cook over high heat until liquid is reduced by half.
Remove pan from heat. Swirl in 2 tablespoons butter and lemon juice. Season with salt and pepper. Pour sauce over chicken, and sprinkle with cheese.
St. Petersburg Times food and travel editor Janet K. Keeler can be reached at jkeeler(at)sptimes.com. For more stories, visit scrippsnews.com.
Distributed by Scripps Howard News Service www.scrippsnews.com